Being a cricket enthusiast, have you ever found yourself fascinated by the crucial role umpires play in the game? Do you dream of being at the heart of the action, making important decisions, and ensuring fair play?

In the game of cricket, the role of umpires is like that of judges in the judiciaryOn many occasions, the umpires have a significant impact on determining the outcome of a game.

Welcome to this comprehensive article, where we will provide you with detailed insights on how to pursue a career as an umpire in India, particularly under the prestigious umbrella of the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).

Introduction to BCCI Umpiring

Cricket, often referred to as the “gentleman’s game,” relies heavily on the integrity and accuracy of its umpires. Umpires play a pivotal role in ensuring fair play and maintaining the spirit of the game.

In India, the BCCI is the governing body responsible for selecting and training umpires at various levels of the game.

Understanding the Role of Umpires in Cricket

Umpires are the neutral arbiters who enforce the laws of cricket on the field. They adjudicate on various aspects of the game, including giving decisions on dismissals, no-balls, wides, and other on-field incidents. Their judgements can have a significant impact on the outcome of matches.

Eligibility Criteria for BCCI Umpiring

Prior experience in competitive cricket is not a prerequisite for aspiring umpires. However, having a background in cricket would certainly be advantageous for potential candidates. There are various levels that one has to clear before being eligible to officiate in a BCCI match.

Age Requirements

Candidates must be at least 18 years old to be eligible for BCCI umpiring.

Education Requirement 

Becoming a BCCI Umpire does not have any specific minimum education requirements. However, it is essential for aspiring umpires to possess basic reading and writing skills. This is because they need to familiarize themselves with all the significant rules and regulations governing the game of cricket.

Umpiring Experience

While prior umpiring experience is not mandatory, it can be an advantage. Candidates with experience in officiating local matches may find it easier to understand the laws of the game and the BCCI playing conditions.

Good Physical Fitness

Compared to a cricket player who gets to rest when their team is batting, an umpire’s role demands a constant presence on the field, irrespective of the batting or bowling side. Therefore, physical fitness is a crucial aspect for umpires.

Fitness, in this context, goes beyond merely being able to stand for long hours; it also encompasses excellent eyesight and hearing capabilities.

Good Decision-Making Skills

Umpires hold the power to shape matches with their decisions. Possessing this skill is crucial for aspiring cricket umpires aiming to excel in their role. The best umpires remain unbiased, fair, and confident, even during the most critical moments of a match.

Their accurate judgements not only uphold the integrity of the game but also earn them respect from players and fans alike, making them indispensable figures on the field.

Also Read: What is Umpire’s Call in DRS Decisions?

Multitasking Skills

The role of an umpire extends far beyond just making decisions about no balls, wide balls, or whether a batsman is out. It involves a multitude of responsibilities, making multitasking a crucial skill for any umpire.

Did you know that an umpire must meticulously track every ball bowled and every wicket lost using a counter? In addition to that, they need to keep an eye on the bowler’s footwork to avoid overstepping or running on the pitch.

Also Read: 7 Interesting Devices Used by Cricket Umpires

Moreover, they have to monitor the condition of the match ball, assess the amount of light for safe play, and detect any fielder tampering with the ball, among numerous other tasks. And these are just a few examples of on-field responsibilities.

Beyond the match, an umpire also has post-match duties, such as filing the match report. All of these responsibilities demand a high level of multitasking ability from the umpire.

People Management Skills

An umpire must possess exceptional people management skills. Cricket, being a team game, involves the management of multiple players, and various issues may arise, both within a team and between players from opposing teams, among other factors.

In such instances, it falls upon the umpire to handle these situations adeptly and ensure that the play is conducted within the “Spirit of Cricket” as well as within the Laws. Having adept people management skills allows an umpire to navigate through such challenging scenarios with ease, ensuring a smooth and fair progression of the match.

Register with Your Respective State Cricket Association

This is the first step to becoming a professional cricket umpire in India. You will need to pass a written and oral exam conducted by the state association. 

Each state in India has its own state cricket association, which serves as the governing body for cricket within that particular state. These state cricket associations are affiliated with the BCCI. Think of them as mini-BCCI entities with responsibilities and jurisdiction limited to their respective states.

In India, numerous state cricket associations exist, and it is essential to thoroughly examine each state, as some regions have more than one state association, to ensure its relevance.

Staying updated with your respective state cricket boards’ activities is of the utmost importance. You can achieve this by connecting with their office either in person or over the phone, using the contact details provided on their website.

Your state cricket association will be the best source of guidance regarding the umpire certification exam in your state, including the exam dates.

It’s worth noting that the state umpire certification courses and exams are based on demand and need, so they do not follow a fixed schedule. Therefore, staying in touch with your state cricket association is essential to receiving the latest updates on the program dates. By doing so, you can ensure you don’t miss any opportunities to pursue your dream of becoming a BCCI Umpire.

Qualify in the State Umpire Certification Exam (State-Level Exam)

Becoming a certified state panel umpire is a crucial step for those aspiring to officiate in BCCI matches. To achieve this, candidates must successfully clear the umpire certification exam, which is administered by most state cricket associations and typically spans four days.

The initial three days of the program are dedicated to training and knowledge sharing, offering aspiring umpires essential insights and skills necessary for the role. On the fourth day, the state umpire certification written exam is conducted.

The exam primarily focuses on the MCC laws and the BCCI playing conditions. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of these laws and the playing conditions is essential for success in the certification process.

The umpire certification exam comprises three rounds. The first round is dedicated to testing theoretical knowledge. Only upon passing this round can candidates progress to the subsequent rounds, which involve practical assessments and oral questioning (Viva).

Successful completion of all three rounds paves the way for individuals to be appointed as certified state panel umpires for matches organized by that specific state cricket association.

Officiate in the Matches Governed by Your State Cricket Association

Once you’ve passed through the three rounds of the state umpire certification examination, you will be recognized and qualified to participate as an umpire in matches organized by your state cricket association and their respective district units.

During these matches, besides your umpiring decisions, your performance will be evaluated through match reports that are documented at the conclusion of each game.

Depending on your performance, you might need to officiate as an umpire for a period of 2 to 3 years. Additionally, you may have to undergo yearly refresher assessments to ensure you stay updated and maintain the required standards.

When your performance becomes consistent and reliable, you can expect to be noticed and considered for the BCCI Level-1 examination.

Qualify for the BCCI Level 1 Exam

Achieving the status of an umpire progresses with passing the BCCI Level 1 exam as the next significant milestone. In order to qualify for the BCCI Level 1 exam, you must go through an internal screening process that is closely tied to your performance.

Once you make it to the shortlist for the BCCI Level 1 examination, your next step involves actively participating in a dedicated Level 1 program arranged by the BCCI. This program follows a format similar to the state umpire certification program, encompassing theoretical training and assessments.

Successfully completing the Level 1 program requires not only active participation but also passing the theory examination held after the program. Once you have triumphed in the BCCI Level 1 examination, the next stage – the BCCI Level 2 exam.

Qualify for the BCCI Level 2 Exam

Upon successfully completing the BCCI Level 1 examination organised by the BCCI, you become eligible to appear for the BCCI Level 2 examination. Like the previous exams, the Level 2 examination follows a similar nature and format. It consists of three rounds: Theory, Practical, and Oral Examination (Viva).

Upon clearing the BCCI Level 2 examination, you achieve the status of a BCCI Umpire, which opens up opportunities to officiate in both domestic and international matches organized by the BCCI. This marks the realization of your dream of becoming a BCCI Umpire.


Becoming a BCCI Umpire in India is a rewarding journey that demands dedication, passion, and continuous learning. Acquire a comprehensive understanding of cricket laws and the playing conditions, gain practical experience, and pursue official BCCI courses and workshops to enhance your umpiring skills.

Officiating at the highest level of cricket is a privilege, and as an umpire, you play a vital role in upholding the spirit of the game. Embrace this responsibility with integrity and enthusiasm, and you might find yourself standing at the center of the field, making crucial decisions in some of India’s most thrilling cricket matches.

Wish you all the best and a great umpiring career ahead!

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